Periodontal gum disease is a gradually advancing condition, occurring over time as naturally occurring bacteria in your mouth combines with saliva and food particles. This creates a sticky, colorless plaque that can wreak havoc on your teeth if left untreated. Most individuals believe that vigorous brushing and careful flossing are enough to remove the plaque, but it isn’t. As the plaque builds up, becoming tartar on your teeth, your gums will start to react negatively. At that point, you’ll need to see an experienced professional at Beacon Dental Health. You should act quickly since time is of the essence. When periodontal disease moves past the initial stage (which is gingivitis) into the stages called periodontitis and advanced periodontitis, bone and tooth loss are very likely, and both can cause a variety of complications for patients.
There are many periodontal procedures that can be used to combat gum disease. The main goal is to prevent further infection. The professional and experienced team at Beacon Dental Health usually starts with a small tool referred to as a probe, which is basically a small metal ruler that can check and measure the affected pockets around and under the teeth. X-rays will also identify any bone loss or deterioration. Depending on results, the amount and kinds of treatments will differ based on how the gum disease has progressed. Therapies normally begin with a focused cleaning and plaque removal with a technique referred to as scaling and root planing. Prescription medication can also be taken to attack infections. For more advanced cases, flap surgery and bone/tissue grafts will be considered.
If you’ve developed signs of periodontal (gum) disease, regular cleaning may not be adequate. The first stage of periodontal disease, gingivitis, is usually corrected with scaling and root planing (SRP). This is a nonsurgical procedure to help eliminate gum disease by removing built-up tartar and plaque from the below the gumline. With specific instruments, a scaling and root planing treatment cleans out the gum pockets, then smooths the surface of your teeth to avoid further buildup. If you’re worried about your gums, find out more about scaling and root planing at Beacon Dental Health.
Full mouth debridement (FMD) is a nonsurgical procedure done to remove extensive plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth and under gums. Talk to our Beacon Dental Health team to see if you are a candidate for FMD.
Once periodontal issues are addressed and repaired, ongoing periodontal maintenance is encouraged to prevent future gum disease and ensure the health of the bone supporting your teeth. The Beacon Dental Health team will devise a maintenance program specifically for you.
In periodontal laser therapy, a laser is used to remove inflamed gum tissue from around the tooth’s root. Tartar and plaque buildup is then removed below and around the gumline. Lastly, teeth are smoothed out to remove any rough spots above and below the gumline, to mitigate the chance of future bacteria and infection.
Crown lengthening is a cosmetic periodontal procedure that can provide you with a beautiful and less gummy smile. During this procedure, gum tissue is reshaped to expose more tooth, providing dramatic cosmetic improvement.
Osseous surgery, which is also known as pocket reduction surgery, removes bacteria living in pockets the gums. Through this minimally invasive procedure, gums are cut back, bacteria is removed and bone is repaired.
Gum grafting provides both cosmetic and medical benefits. Gum grafting is a solution for a receding gum line, or if you feel your smile has too much exposed tooth. Tissue from the roof of the mouth is placed over the receding gum line, which helps the appearance of your smile, prevents bacteria overgrowth and helps to prevent further gum and bone tissue loss.
Flap surgery is needed for those with severe gum disease where the issue cannot be controlled with root planning or antibiotics. Through this procedure, teeth roots are cleaned by pulling back sections of the gum. Damaged bone caused by gum disease can also be addressed during this procedure.
Some dental implants patients have limited height in the upper jaw, or their sinuses are too close to the law line. In those cases, a sinus lift is a good option. During sinus lift surgery, the sinus membrane between the jaw and maxillary sinuses on either side of your nose is lifted to make room. Then bone is added to the upper jaw which will allow for dental implants.